famous greek psychologists
This list is of notable psychiatrists.. Additional lists of psychiatrists can be found at the articles List of figures in psychiatry (though not all individuals at that list are psychiatrists and medical doctors), Fictional psychiatrists, and List of physicians.. Medical doctors who are psychiatrists and included in those lists and are also listed below. You don't need our permission to copy the article; just include a link/reference back to this page. Yannis Philippakis. This debate continued, with physicians such as Praxagoras still maintaining that the heart and arteries linked thought, through a mysterious fluid called pneuma. This idea of looking at the entire body and mind, rather than blaming witchcraft and spirits, certainly influenced medicine and the history of psychology for the better although some of the cures used to alleviate the build-up of a humour, such as blood-letting, were harmful. In this landmark work, he laid out the first tenets of the study of reasoning that would determine the direction of the history of psychology; many of his proposals continue to influence modern psychologists. Later, Plato renounced his idea of a tripartite mind and returned to earlier proposals of a dualistic explanation for the mind, balanced between intellect and desire. The Islamic expansion saw a culmination of this process and an integration of Greek thought allied to the wisdom of the Middle-Eastern and Eastern scholars as they drew knowledge from around the known world. Since about 1920, most university psychologists have accepted Watson's definition. To give Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC) complete credit for being the first thinker to develop a theory of proto-psychology is unfair to some of the other philosophers from Greece and beyond. Only Socrates really questioned whether human behavior and the need to be a 'good person' was about seeking personal happiness rather than placating a divine will. ... His work also included the study of symbolism in both Greek mythology and biblical texts. This holistic approach to medicine inextricably linked mind and body, a factor only recently readopted by modern medicine, which tends to treat physical conditions and symptoms without paying much regard to mental health, and vice-versa. That is it. Of course, to modern commentators, the idea of the humors seems a little primitive and is based upon a limited knowledge of psychology. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'explorable_com-banner-1','ezslot_7',361,'0','0']));Plato proposed that the human psyche was the seat of all knowledge and that the human mind was imprinted with all of the knowledge it needed. Chief amongst these was the Father of Medicine, Hippocrates, who proposed that epilepsy had a physical cause and was not some curse sent by the fickle Greek Gods. 1550). This series is the only surviving example of a trilogy in Greek drama, and took first prize in the Dionysia festival when it was first performed in 458 BCE. It goes into depth about the creation of gods and humans. 23 August 1952. In a gruesome experiment, Herophilus and Erasistratus were given permission, by the ruler of Alexandria, Egypt, to perform vivisection on criminals and they determined that the nervous system and brain controlled the body and were therefore the seat of reason. This line of thought was heavily influenced by Aristotle's zoology, where he proposed that there were three types of souls defining life; the plant soul, the animal soul and the human soul, which gave humanity the unique ability to reason and create. Clytie, daughter of the titan sea-god Oceanos, was madly in love with Helios, who draws the sun across the sky each day. Thales of Miletus gets the top spot on this list for representing a pivotal point in ancient Greek philosophy from which subsequent generations of famous thinkers, theorists, dialectics, meta physicists, and philosophers sprouted. Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) Pavlov was an experimental physiologist greatly influenced by Russian reflexology (a clear antecedent of behaviorism). Ted Bundy A psychologist could spend a lifetime examining the twisted mind At this period, apart from dalliances with Atheism from Theodorus, Greek philosophers took the existence of divine influence as given. There is little doubt that the Ancient Greeks laid out the course of modern psychology, although due respect has to be given to the Chinese, Indian and Persian scholars who made contributions outside the scope of this history of psychology, but which influenced modern thought in many disparate ways. To give Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC) complete credit for being the first thinker to develop a theory of proto-psychology is unfair to some of the other philosophers from Greece and beyond. Victor Daniels. Individuals with a strong Epithumetikon made excellent merchants and acquirers of wealth whilst the Thumos, which can loosely identified with will and courage, was the domain of the soldier. 1. Heraclitus (circa 535-475 BCE) is considered the most important pre-Socratic Greek philosopher.He was born in the Greek city of Ephesus. In later Greek mythology, the soul is personified by Psyche (with a capital P), a young woman loved by Eros, the god of love. In it, he looks at eight distinct forms of intelligence: naturalistic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, linguistic, logic-mathematical, bodily/kinesthetic, musical and spatial. The development of Ancient Greek medicine introduced the study of physiology into the history of psychology, proposing that there were physical reasons underlying many mental ailments. Uniquely, Aristotle also understood the importance of time on the actions driving a person, with desire concerned with the present and reason more concerned with the future and long-term consequences. He defended an … John Rabe Biography of John Rabe: 1882 - John Rabe, born on the 23rd of November in Hamburg, Germany. 2002, Vol. Whilst their studies were abhorrent when looked at through the lens of history, the Twentieth Century history of psychology includes some infamous and unwanted landmarks. Whilst he partially linked this to the process of achieving immortality and fulfilling the purposes of a divine mind, he proposed this reproductive urge many centuries before Darwin. Any modern psychologist of note fully understands the basics of Aristotelian thought and recognizes his contribution to the history of psychology. From shamen to Jewish Qabbalists, curing the mind was a huge part of the spiritual path, even if treatment was couched in magic and mystery, using rituals to drive out demons. Maria Callas. Check out our quiz-page with tests about: Martyn Shuttleworth (Jun 19, 2010). Here, Aristotle's thought created a paradigm that remained unchallenged for centuries and one that still underpins the work of modern psychology and philosophy, where desire is renamed as emotion and reason as rationality. Sometimes you make the right decision, sometimes you make the decision right. John Rabe was a German businessman whose Nanjing Safety Zone sheltered some 200,000 Chinese from slaughter during the Nanjing Massacre.1910 - 1938 - John Rabe worked for the Siemens AG China Corporation in Shenyang, Beijing, … Demis Roussos. Pages in category "Greek psychologists" The following 3 pages are in this category, out of 3 total. Unlike Aristotle, who saw the heart as the seat of thought and reason, Hippocrates understood the importance of the brain. Aristotle, unlike Plato, was a believer in nurture, stating that the human mind was blank at birth and that educating the individual and exposing them to experiences would define the formation of the mind and build a store of knowledge. This list may not reflect recent changes . (Paris: Lith de Gregoire et Deneux, ca. Freudian Slip: When Christians Drop the Ball. behavior. The goal of education is not to increase the amount of knowledge but to create the … The following has been adapted from the Wikipedia website. second Greek word, logos, originally meant "word" and later expanded in meaning to include "discourse" and eventually "science". Continuing this line of thought, Aristotle attempted to address the relationships between impulses and urges within the human mind, many years before Freud resurrected many of the basic tenets of Aristotle's psychology with his psychoanalysis theory. Of course, it would be unfair to concentrate fully on Aristotle's psychology without studying some of the other great thinkers who contributed to the history of psychology, but his work certainly is the basis of modern methods. P. Maria Psoinos; S. Georgette Savvides; Y. Olga Yeritsidou This page was last edited on 2 April 2018, at 00:27 (UTC). Lithograph by Pierre Roche Vigneron. He is considered a seminal thinker in psychology, and much of his work is still being discovered and explored today. This series is the only surviving example of a trilogy in Greek drama, and took first prize in the Dionysia festival when it was first performed in 458 BCE. Mental processes and human behavior. The following has been adapted from the Wikipediawebsite. Moreno, Protagonist, Audience, Role playing, HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY:Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, Positive Psychology, MODERN TRENDS IN PSYCHOLOGICAL TREATMENT:Biological Approaches, ANTI-PSYCHIATRY MOVEMENT:D.L. Psychology is the study of mind and behavior. Psychologists also help people lead a richer life by helping them manage relationship problems and overcome emotional problems or past hurts. Which famous Greek philosopher wrote extensively about psychological topics such as sleep and dreaming, the senses, memory, and learning? Take it with you wherever you go. Aristotle's psychology, as would be expected, was intertwined with his philosophy of the mind, reasoning and Nicomachean ethics, but the psychological method started with his brilliant mind and empirical approach. Aristotle In thinking about psychology and consciousness, the idea that the mind and the body are separate Aristotle studied a wide variety of subjects, including science, ethics, government, physics, and politics, and wrote extensively on them. GREEK THINKERS:Aristotle, Contiguity, Contrast PSYCHOLOGY IN THE 5TH TO 12TH CENTURY:Saint Augustine, Avicenna PSYCHOLOGY IN THE 5TH TO 12TH CENTURY:Al-Ghazali, Ibn-Rushd, Averroes (Probe radio series transcript.) Aristotle's psychology proposed that allowing desire to dominate reason would lead to an unhealthy imbalance and the tendency to perform bad actions. Perhaps more people should study Aristotle and his ideas of what drives human behavior. Davidson is famous for espousing Buddhist traditions of mindfulness and meditation as important empirical phenomena worthy of scientific investigation, as well as important techniques for achieving inner peace and spiritual growth. His hometown was Villach, Austria; he graduated from high school in 1939. Age of Diagnosis: 21 Individual History: Jack Kerouac was a famous American novelist and poet, writing the famous classic “On the Road.” Kerouac is recognized for his method of spontaneous prose. According to its Greek roots, therefore, psychology is literally the science of the mind. Most people who have watched Zack Snyder’s famous 2007 fantasy historical film “300”, might think they know the ancient Greek story of Leonidas and the battle of Thermopylae, but the historic facts are quite different to what was portrayed in the fantasy film. Of Ephesus most famous psychologists in the 17th Century, Rene Descartes, process. 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